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The Georgians

The Georgians

Keep left on London Bridge 1722
To combat increasing congestion on London Bridge, a rule requiring traffic to keep to the left was introduced. This rule put off calls for more bridges over the river, thus removing London Bridge’s monopoly. The regulation was adopted by the Government in the Highway Act of 1835.
 
  
City gates removed 1760
Bishopsgate, Ludgate and Cripplegate were the first of the City gates to be demolished, as part of the City of London Corporation’s street improvements intended to increase traffic flow.
 
  
London Stock Exchange 1773
A group of Brokers established a dealing room on the ground floor of a coffee house in Sweeting’s Alley; it became the first London Stock Exchange.
 
  
Gordon riots 1780
Lord George Gordon established the Protestant Association, in opposition to the changes introduced by Parliament in the Papist Act of 1778. The act was intended to improve the lot of Catholics living in England. Gordon led a mob of 40,000 to 60,000 to Parliament with a petition to repeal the act. When they were denied access to Parliament the protest degenerated into a series of riots and many sites in the City and Westminster were attacked and damaged including the Bank of England, Fleet and Newgate Prisons. Gordon was later tried for treason, but acquitted.
 
  
Poet John Keats born 1795
John Keats was born on 31st October and was baptised at St Botolph-without-Bishopsgate on 18 December 1795. The poet was the son of Thomas Keats, innkeeper, and his wife Frances. He lived in Moorgate. He became a medical student at Guy’s Hospital but abandoned his studies for writing. His death at the early age of 25, cemented his reputation as one of the great Romantic poets.
 
  
Regulation of London Stock Exchange 1801
The first London Stock Exchange re-opened on a subscription basis. Regulations were introduced and two committees were created to govern it: A Committee of Proprietors and a Committee for General Purposes. Established by a group of Brokers, they charged their fellow Brokers a fee of 6d per day to use the Exchange. It moved to the newly built Capel Court in 1802.
 
 
  
The Great Fog of 1813
As the city expanded the burning of coal for domestic and industrial use resulted in air born pollution, which manifested in prolonged periods of thick fog. On 27 December in 1813 a particularly bad fog developed that lasted for eight days. 
 
  
Frost Fair 1814
The Frost Fair on the frozen River Thames started on 1 February and lasted for four days. It was the last Thames Frost Fair as the removal of London Bridge and the building of the embankments speeds flow and reduces the possibility of ice forming on the surface. 
 
 
  
Guildhall Library re-opened 1828
The first Guildhall Library existed between 1425 and 1549. A new Library opened in 1828 for the benefit of Members of the City Corporation and accredited students. The library developed into an important reference library for City of London history.
 
  
Shillibeer’s Omnibus 1829
George Shillibeer set up the first regular passenger bus route running from Bank in the City to Paddington. The fare for the whole journey on this horse-drawn omnibus was 1s 6d for inside passengers and 1s for those sitting outside on top.
 
  
New London Bridge opened 183
The new London Bridge built by Sir John Rennie was opened King William IV and Queen Adelaide. The bridge took seven years to build and was considerably wider than the medieval London Bridge it replaced.
 
 
  
Menagerie moves from Tower of London 1834
The Constable of the Tower of London, the Duke of Wellington wanted the menagerie animals to be moved to Regent’s Park where the Zoological Gardens were established. The collection formed the foundation for London Zoo where there was more space to expand.
 
 
  
Isabella Beeton born near Cheapside 1836
Isabella Mayson was born in Milk Street, off Cheapside in 1836. In 1856 she married publisher Samuel Beeton. Isabella Beeton’s organisational abilities and dynamism contributed greatly to the success of the publishing house, but she was renowned for creating Beeton’s Book of Household Management, which covered all aspects of running a successful household including recipes of the period.
 

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